Neuroscientists Say They’ve Found an Entirely New Form of Neural Communication

Scientists think they’ve identified a previously unknown form of neural communication that self-propagates across brain tissue, and can leap wirelessly from neurons in one section of brain tissue to another – even if they’ve been surgically severed.

The discovery offers some radical new insights about the way neurons might be talking to one another, via a mysterious process unrelated to conventionally understood mechanisms, such as synaptic transmission, axonal transport, and gap junction connections.

“We don’t know yet the ‘So what?’ part of this discovery entirely,” says neural and biomedical engineer Dominique Durand from Case Western Reserve University.

“But we do know that this seems to be an entirely new form of communication in the brain, so we are very excited about this.”

Before this, scientists already knew there was more to neural communication than the above-mentioned connections that have been studied in detail, such as synaptic transmission.

For example, researchers have been aware for decades that the brain exhibits slow waves of neural oscillations whose purpose we don’t understand, but which appear in the cortex and hippocampus when we sleep, and so are hypothesised to play a part in memory consolidation.

“The functional relevance of this input‐ and output‐decoupled slow network rhythm remains a mystery,” explains neuroscientist Clayton Dickinson from the University of Alberta, who wasn’t involved in the new research but has discussed it in a perspective article.

“But [it’s] one that will probably be solved by an elucidation of both the cellular and the inter‐cellular mechanisms giving rise to it in the first place.”

To that end, Durand and his team investigated slow periodic activity in vitro, studying the brain waves in hippocampal slices extracted from decapitated mice.

What they found was that slow periodic activity can generate electric fields which in turn activate neighbouring cells, constituting a form of neural communication without chemical synaptic transmission or gap junctions.

“We’ve known about these waves for a long time, but no one knows their exact function and no one believed they could spontaneously propagate,” Durand says.

“I’ve been studying the hippocampus, itself just one small part of the brain, for 40 years and it keeps surprising me.”

This neural activity can actually be modulated – strengthened or blocked – by applying weak electrical fields and could be an analogue form of another cell communication method, called ephaptic coupling.

The team’s most radical finding was that these electrical fields can activate neurons through a complete gap in severed brain tissue, when the two pieces remain in close physical proximity.

“To ensure that the slice was completely cut, the two pieces of tissue were separated and then rejoined while a clear gap was observed under the surgical microscope,” the authors explain in their paper.

“The slow hippocampal periodic activity could indeed generate an event on the other side of a complete cut through the whole slice.”

If you think that sounds freaky, you’re not the only one. The review committee at The Journal of Physiology– in which the research has been published – insisted the experiments be completed again before agreeing to print the study.

Durand et al. dutifully complied, but sound pretty understanding of the cautiousness, all things considered, given the unprecedented weirdness of the observation they’re reporting.

“It was a jaw-dropping moment,” Durand says, “for us and for every scientist we told about this so far.”

“But every experiment we’ve done since to test it has confirmed it so far.”

It’ll take a lot more research to figure out if this bizarre form of neural communication is taking place in human brains – let alone decoding what exact function it performs – but for now, we’ve got new science that’s shocking in all kinds of ways, as Dickson adroitly observes.

“While it remains to be seen if the [findings] are relevant to spontaneous slow rhythms that occur in both cortical and hippocampal tissue in situduring sleep and sleep‐like states,” Dickson writes, “they should probably (and quite literally) electrify the field.”

FOLLOW THE LINK FOR THE FULL REPORT – JR

https://www.sciencealert.com/neuroscientists-say-they-ve-found-an-entirely-new-form-of-neural-communication

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Muslims Form Community Patrol. Some Neighbors Say No, Thanks.

Maeen Ali remembers the worry he felt when he first spotted the “Punish a Muslim Day” screed online.

The letter, mailed last spring throughout England, encouraged violence that ranged from pulling off a woman’s head scarf to bombing mosques. Each attack, the letter instructed, would be rewarded with points. The hate campaign prompted the police in New York and other big cities to expand patrols around mosques and Islamic centers on the specified day.

Mr. Ali, who lives in Downtown Brooklyn, said he was consumed by thoughts of his four children’s safety.

“That just boiled inside of me,” said Mr. Ali, 38, who moved to the United States from Yemen in 1990. “That’s when I said to myself that it was really important to come out and protect Muslims in the community.”

FOLLOW THE LINK FOR THE FULL REPORT – JR

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/02/03/nyregion/muslim-community-patrol-brooklyn.html

Poll: 63% Say Govt Shutdown Has Had No Impact On Them At All

Though our political class is whining incessantly about the partial government shutdown, the overwhelming majority of Americans say the shutdown has had zero effect on their lives.

From 13 News Now:

[A] new Rasmussen Reports poll of 1,000 likely voters shows that only nine percent say the shutdown has had a major impact on their personal lives. Sixty-three percent say the shutdown has had no impact at all on them.

I’d say odds are most of the 9 percent who say it’s had “a major impact on their personal lives” would say it has had a major positive impact!

The sun is shining and the birds are chirping!

There is absolutely no reason Trump or the GOP should cave on the demand for a measly $5 billion for a wall. They should be asking for the full $25 billion.

FOLLOW THE LINK FOR THE FULL REPORT – JR

https://www.infowars.com/poll-63-say-govt-shutdown-has-had-no-impact-on-them-at-all/

Manafort held secret talks with Assange in Ecuadorian embassy, sources say

Donald Trump’s former campaign manager Paul Manafort held secret talks with Julian Assange inside the Ecuadorian embassy in London, and visited around the time he joined Trump’s campaign, the Guardian has been told.

Sources have said Manafort went to see Assange in 2013, 2015 and in spring 2016 – during the period when he was made a key figure in Trump’s push for the White House.

It is unclear why Manafort would have wanted to see Assange and what was discussed. But the last apparent meeting is likely to come under scrutiny and could interest Robert Mueller, the special prosecutor who is investigating alleged collusion between the Trump campaign and Russia.

A well-placed source has told the Guardian that Manafort went to see Assange around March 2016. Months later WikiLeaks released a stash of Democratic emails stolen by Russian intelligence officers.

Manafort, 69, denies involvement in the hack and says the claim is “100% false”. His lawyers declined to answer the Guardian’s questions about the visits.

In a series of tweets WikiLeaks said Assange and Manafort had not met. Assange described the story as a hoax.

Manafort was jailed this year and was thought to have become a star cooperator in the Mueller inquiry. But on Monday Mueller said Manafort had repeatedly lied to the FBI, despite agreeing to cooperate two months ago in a plea deal. According to a court document, Manafort had committed “crimes and lies” on a “variety of subject matters”.

His defence team says he believes what he has told Mueller to be truthful and has not violated his deal.

FOLLOW THE LINK FOR THE FULL REPORT – JR

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2018/nov/27/manafort-held-secret-talks-with-assange-in-ecuadorian-embassy

72 percent say media ‘dividing Americans,’ spreading ‘hate’

Nearly three-quarters of the country believes that the media is “dividing Americans” along political, racial, and gender lines, a stunning condemnation of the press, according to a new national survey.

What’s more, the Zogby Analytics pollprovided to Secrets said that the media bias is sparking hate and misunderstanding.

And while Americans also blame President Trump for dividing voters, the survey analysis said the media is worse. Those surveyed, said Zogby Analytics, “felt the mainstream media spreads hate and misunderstanding, also felt that President Trump is responsible for the spread of hate and misunderstanding, but more voters overall, and in most sub-groups, blame the media slightly more!”

Overall, 72 percent said “the mainstream media has played a major role in dividing Americans along racial, gender and political lines. This has led to a spread of hate and misunderstanding among some people.”

Only two-thirds said the same about Trump.

While 7-in-10 men and women agreed that the media is to blame for dividing the nation, Republicans were nearly unanimous while just 51 percent of Democrats said the press was to blame.

Read more

FOLLOW THE LINK FOR THE FULL REPORT – JR

https://www.infowars.com/72-percent-say-media-dividing-americans-spreading-hate/

1100 Migrants Apprehended Daily Along U.S.-Mexico Border, Say Feds

Border Patrol agents apprehended an average of nearly 1,100 migrants along the U.S-Mexico Border every day in the past fiscal year. During the most recent month, that number jumped to nearly 1,400.

During Fiscal Year 2018 (which ended on September 30), U.S. Border Patrol agents assigned to the nine southwest border sectors apprehended an average of nearly 1,100 migrants per day. Of those, approximately 430 were listed as unaccompanied minors or family units, according to the Fiscal Year 2018 Southwest Border Migration Report from U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP).

FOLLOW THE LINK FOR THE FULL REPORT – JR

https://www.breitbart.com/border/2018/11/05/1100-migrants-apprehended-daily-along-u-s-mexico-border-say-feds/

5 Explosives Sent to Clinton, Obama, CNN, Holder and Soros Are Linked, Sources Say

WHAT TO KNOW

  • Officials are investigating a series of apparent explosive devices sent to Hillary Clinton, Barack Obama, George Soros, CNN and Eric Holder

  • Five parcels had a return address linking to a high-profile Democratic party member; at least one of them also had a white powder envelope

  • The flurry of incidents come less than 48 hours after bomb was planted in mailbox at billionaire philanthropist Soros’ NY home

Five “potential explosive devices” sent to Hillary Clinton, former President Obama, billionaire George Soros, ex-Attorney General Eric Holder and CNN at NYC’s Time Warner Center are thought to be linked, law enforcement sources say — and officials are looking into whether one addressed to California Rep. Maxine Waters in Washington, D.C., has a similar signature.

Two of the five devices — one addressed to Clinton’s Chappaqua home, one to Obama in Washington, D.C. — were intercepted by the U.S. Secret Service. Both were discovered at off-site locations and neither the former secretary of state nor former president were ever at risk, officials said.

Another of the packages — one addressed to ex-CIA chief John Brennan, now an MSNBC contributor — that appeared similar to the others forced an evacuation of CNN at the Time Warner Center Wednesday. NYPD Commissioner James O’Neill said the device appeared to be a “live explosive.” He also said there was an envelope with white powder in the original packaging; that powder is being tested. Mayor de Blasio said there are no additional credible threats.

It was at that briefing that Gov. Cuomo revealed his Manhattan office had received a similar package, which law enforcement later determined was not at all linked to the others. A senior law enforcement official told News 4 the item was a threatening letter, not a device, that referenced the Proud Boys street brawl from earlier this month. There was no explosive, the official said. A second official confirmed no device was mailed to the governor’s office.

A Cuomo spokesman later issued a statement saying the item appeared to contain computer files on the Proud Boys.

Also Wednesday afternoon, congressional leadership sources confirmed to NBC News that a suspicious device intercepted at a mail processing facility for the U.S. Capitol was addressed to Waters. That device’s nature, and possible connection to the others, remains under investigation.

Law enforcement officials say all of the five linked parcels — those addressed to Clinton, Obama, Soros, Brennan and Holder — had a manila outer packaging and the devices had stamps on them. The devices appear to be working explosives, sources say, but final analysis is pending further testing. News 4 obtained an image of one of the devices; it appeared to be crude.

The signature is nearly the same on those five packages and all listed the return address as one belonging to ex-Democratic National Committee chairman Debbie Wasserman Schultz. There is no suggestion Schultz had any involvement, law enforcement officials say. A device was also found at her Sunrise, Florida, office, which was the return address listed.

Investigators believe that was the package addressed to Holder; it appears it may have had the wrong address, which is why it was shipped back to the nominal sender (Schultz’s return address).

An officer with the local police department in Florida where Schultz’s office is located said the package had been removed by early afternoon and the bomb squad was “rendering it safe.” He declined to say whether a live explosive had been in the package and warned, “There may be noise, there may not be noise.”

4 Suspicious Package Incidents

Within three days, apparent explosive devices were detected in the mail addressed to Democratic politicians Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton, billionaire philanthropist George Soros and the New York City offices of CNN. No one was hurt and investigators are working to determine if the incidents are all linked.

FOLLOW THE LINK FOR THE FULL REPORT – JR

https://www.nbcnewyork.com/news/local/Bomb-Hillary-Clinton-House-Chappaqua-New-York-George-Soros-498411611.html

He’s In: Kavanaugh Confirmation ‘Major Step’ In Restoring Constitutional Rights, Say Thinktanks

Conservative think tanks celebrated Justice Brett Kavanaugh’s confirmation to the Supreme Court, calling it a “major step” in restoring constitutional rights in America.

“Today is a victory for liberty in America. I am overjoyed that the Senate confirmed Brett Kavanaugh, a good man and good jurist. Justice Kavanaugh will serve with distinction as an Associate Justice on the Supreme Court of the United States for years to come,” Heritage Foundation President Kay Cole James said in a statement on Saturday.

Other groups lauded Kavanaugh’s originalist philosophy, noting his presence on the Supreme Court would protect constitutional rights, not change them.

“This nomination and today’s confirmation were about the Constitution and the foundational freedoms it was designed to protect. Today was a major step in the journey to restore the Constitution to its rightful and intended role in our Republic,” Family Research Council President Tony Perkins said Saturday.

Conservative watchdog group Judicial Watch also praised Kavanaugh’s confirmation, adding it would launch an investigation into Democrats’ abuse of the confirmation process as well as engineered smears.

“In confirming Judge Kavanaugh the Senate has confirmed a good man with an impeccable record of honoring the U.S. Constitution. Judge Kavanaugh’s record shows him to be a believer in the rule of law, and I believe he will serve the American people with distinction,” Judicial Watch President Tom Fitton said in a Saturday press release.

“We are grateful that a majority of the Senate rejected the leftist smears, abuse of process, and rejection of constitutional norms. Now there must be accountability for this lawless assault on our constitutional republic. Judicial Watch has launched an investigation into the Senate ethics and legal abuses by anti-Kavanaugh Senators. And we will continue to pursue our Senate ethics complaint against Sen. Booker for his admitted violation of Senate rules, the violation of which requires expulsion from the Senate.”

The Senate confirmed Kavanaugh Saturday in a 50-48 vote, shifting the balance of power back to the Constitution and rule of law, not activist judges seeking to impose their will through the Judicial Branch.

FOLLOW THE LINK FOR THE FULL REPORT – JR

https://www.infowars.com/hes-in-kavanaugh-confirmation-major-step-in-restoring-constitutional-rights-say-thinktanks/

New Jersey Hotline For Clergy Sex Abuse Claims Flooded With Calls, Officials Say

A hotline created to document reports of clergy sex abuse in New Jersey is receiving so many calls that some can’t even get through. The round-the-clock call center opened last week as part of a new investigation by Attorney General Gurbir Grewal.

Fred Marigliano says it took him more than 50 years to speak out about being abused by his priest when he was 11-years-old.

“All I wanted to do was not be raped again,” he told CBS2. “Sometimes I still have nightmares.”

Read more

FOLLOW THE LINK FOR THE FULL REPORT – JR

https://www.infowars.com/new-jersey-hotline-for-clergy-sex-abuse-claims-flooded-with-calls-officials-say/

Texas Doctors Say They Saw Kavanaugh Protesters Being Paid Off Before Hearing

Three doctors said they personally witnessed protesters being paid off before the Brett Kavanaugh confirmation hearing, which was disrupted by unruly demonstrators.

A total of 70 people were arrested during the hearing after many of them began screeching incoherently in an effort to derail the event.

Activist Adam Schindler interviewed three doctors from Texas who suggested that the entire protest was far from organic.

“One thing was there were people who had come along… who had a bag of money, and people would hand them a piece of paper, and then they would give them money. So we know money was exchanged for some of the people to be here, just to protest,” said Dr. Tom Schlueter.

“The most telling thing was listening to them giving names and addresses, so when they were arrested, they were keeping a record and celebrating who got arrested, without any regard for any open discussion or even the possibility of being convinced of anything, it was just for the purpose of disruption and to have some kind of disruption of the process,” said Dr. Morton Purvis.

FOLLOW THE LINK FOR THE FULL REPORT – JR

https://www.infowars.com/texas-doctors-say-they-saw-kavanaugh-protesters-being-paid-off-before-hearing/